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Adolf Joachim Sabath

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Personalities

Adolph Joachim Sabath (4/4/1866 - 11/6/1952)

Adolph Joachim SabathAdolph Joachim Sabath was born in Zabori, Bohemia (1198 - 1918 Kingdom of Bohemia, 1867 - 1918 part of Austria - Hungary, 1918 - 1992 Czechoslovakia, Czech Republic since January 1, 1993), April 4, 1866, one of eleven children born to Joachim and Barbara (Eissenschimmel) Sabath. In 1881, at the age of fifteen, Sabath left his native land and arrived in the United States with only enough money in his pocket to travel to Chicago, where a cousin lived. He initially worked at odd jobs and then advanced to the real estate business, all the while, saving enough money to bring his family to the United States and continue his education. He graduated from Bryant and Stratton Business College in 1885. He attended the Chicago College of Law and then Lake Forest University where he received his LL.B. degree in 1891.

In 1895, Sabath started his political career with the aid of the liberal governor of Illinois, Peter Altgeld, who appointed him a justice of the peace. He served until 1897, when he became a police magistrate. In 1907, he was elected the Democratic representative from the Fifth Illinois District to the Congress of the United States. Mr. Sabath served in the House of Representatives for twenty-three consecutive terms until his death, the second longest continuous service of any congressman. Sabath notably abetted in the fight about obtaining Czechoslovak independence. On May 1917 enforce in congress resolution confessing to then Czechoslovakia the right to freedom and independence. And was it he, who readied for T. G. Masaryk triumfal welcome in Washington, D.C., on May year 1918, when 27 members of Congress came to welcome the future Czechoslovak president. Half year before, on December 31, 1917, Adolph Joachim Sabath wed with Mae Ruth Fuerst. His influence on behalf of Czechoslovakia exerted also along World War 2. He was known as a fighter against prohibition, for liberalization of immigrational laws and against antisemitism. As one of the first American statesmans warned of Nazi menace. In his native Zabori he bankrolled build up of orphanage.

Tomb of Adolph Joachim Sabath (Forest Home Cemetery, Forest Park, Illinois, USA)Adolph Joachim Sabath died on November 6, 1952, in Bethesda Naval Hospital, Montgomery County, Maryland, two days after reelection to the Congress of the United States. He is buried at Forest Home Cemetery in Forest Park, Cook County, Illinois.

His other activities included: membership in the central and executive committees of the Democratic Party (1909-1920), delegate to all the Democratic State Conventions since 1890, and delegate to all Democratic National Conventions (1894-1944). As a representative of a reform-minded immigrant constituency, Sabath fought for passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act and recognition of small nations after World War I. He also introduced the first workmen's compensation bill and advocated federal aid for better highways. Congressman Sabath opposed prohibition and fought for its repeal. In 1931, he introduced the first Reconstruction Finance Corporation Bill and at all times supported labor and all relief legislation. He introduces the first old-age pension resolution in 1909 and urged enactment of the Social Security Act. He was a member of the Committee on Immigration and Naturalization where he opposed inhuman and harsh immigration measures but supported stringent deportation laws. He also served as chairman of the Alcoholic Liquor Traffic Committee, and as a member (and later chairman) of the House Rules Committee. He advocated United States membership in the League of Nations and was one of the first to support military preparedness against the Nazi menace. His seniority and influence were used on behalf of New Deal and Fair Deal Legislation. In 1917, Sabath was married to Mae Ruth Fuerst. He was a member of the national Masons, Elks, Knights of Pythias, and various other social, fraternal, and civic organizations of Chicago.

Source: American Jewish Archives

Genealogy of the Sabath family:

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